They also do not last as long or offer Manufacturer's Warranties as long as good architectural asphalt shingles. [7] The result is a more natural, traditional look. [12] Shingles should not be applied when temperatures are below 10 °C (50 °F), as each shingle must seal to the layer below it to form a monolithic structure. All shingles were organic at first with the base material, called felt, being primarily cotton rag until the 1920s when cotton rag became more expensive and alternative materials were used. Luxury shingles — occasionally called premium shingles. 3-tab shingles . [15] Some PAHs are carcinogenic and may put workers at risk. They are used by homeowners, usually of large houses, who like a distinctive look to their roofs. Always look at actual shingle samples in various light conditions before deciding, just as you would look at paint samples when picking an interior color for your walls. Asphalt shingles are an American invention by Henry Reynolds of Grand Rapids, Michigan. Just ask! 1000 - 4999 Square Meters. Subsequently, insurers offered discounted premiums for policies on structures using shingles that carried the highest impact classification (class 4). The primary function of any roof is to protect your family, your home and its valuable contents against inclement weather. The early wood material-based versions were very durable and hard to tear, an important quality before self-sealing materials were added to the underside of shingles to bond them to the layer beneath. [15] Still, testing has demonstrated the percentage of asbestos-containing post-consumer shingles to be low. designer architectural laminated shingles. Most insurance companies offer discounts to homeowners for using Class 4 impact rated shingles. Heritage Woodgate. This material is typically limestone or fly-ash-modified resins, or polymer-modified bitumen. Architectural Shingles Vs. Asphalt Shingles. Concrete shingles have high visual appeal and can be customised to simulate wood, asphalt, slate or clay shingles, making them ideal for various architectural styles. As mentioned on our available roofing options page, dimensional shingles – also known as laminated shingles or architectural shingles, look stunning. Heritage Premium. You could conceivably get the benefits of an asphalt shingle … "[5] Over time the asphalt becomes oxidized and becomes brittle. Also, some organic shingles produced before the early 1980s may contain asbestos. Cycles of wet and dry environmental conditions, as well as organic growths such as algae and foliose lichen and woody debris which remains on the shingles, will cause premature deterioration through both chemical and physical processes. Types of granules tested have included mica, oyster shells, slate, dolomite, fly-ash, silica and clay. [8] In 1996, a partnership between members of the U.S. property insurance industry, the Institute of Business and Home Safety, and the Underwriter's Laboratory (UL) was established to create an impact resistance classification system for roofing materials. IKO manufactures products for specific areas in North America. Architectural shingles are considered higher quality asphalt shingles for this reason, and many brands have introduced designer architectural shingles to broaden their product offerings. Army Roofing in Vancouver offers […] However, you might want to consider one of the following if your climate necessitates it. While more expensive to install, they come with longer manufacturer's warranties, sometimes up to 50 Years - typically prorated, as virtually all asphalt shingle roofs are replaced before such an expiration could be reached. Asphalt Shingles. Impact resistant shingles are asphalt roof shingles that have a Class 4 rating; this type of shingle … The underlying exposed asphalt must be softened by sunlight and heat to form a proper bond. [4] The forerunner of these shingles was first developed in 1893 and called asphalt prepared roofing which was similar to asphalt roll roofing without the surface granules. If you intend to move in a few years, you may consider choosing the more economical architectural laminated shingles instead but either choice has the potential of boosting your home’s resale value. The cost of architectural laminated shingles will vary considerably, not only by shingle manufacturer, but also within different classes. Local building codes in terms of fire resistance and Title 24 compliance may inform your choice. Asphalt Shingles are manufactured from fiberglass pressed between asphalt and ceramic granules. Dimensional shingles — sometimes called architectural or laminate shingles. [4][13] Performed regularly, physical removal of debris, and physical or chemical removal of organic growth (for example, using a copper sulfate, zinc chloride, or other solution carefully applied and thoroughly rinsed), can prolong the life of asphalt roofing materials. Heritage IR. Also in the 1950s testing on the use of 3/4 inch staples rather than roofing nails was carried out showing they could perform as well as nails but with six staples compared with four nails. Shallower slopes require asphalt rolled roofing, or other roofing treatment. Architectural shingles are high-quality dimensional or laminated shingles that add beauty to your roof. Here’s a breakdown to help you decide which asphalt roofing shingles will meet your needs for years to come. **This impact rating is solely for the purpose of enabling residential property owners to obtain a reduction in their residential insurance premium, if available. Starter/Hip & Ridge. Architectural shingles are thicker asphalt shingle types that can create the appearance of visually stunning natural roofing like slate, cedar, or clay tiles at a fraction of the cost. Roof Visualizer Visualizer Help. [2] They were first used in 1903, in general use in parts of America by 1911 and by 1939 11 million squares of shingles were being produced. That degree of thickness and weight delivers lots of cushioning power against the impact of hail. Architectural asphalt shingles contain no cutouts, but their lower portions are laminated with an additional asphalt layer. Architectural Shingles Architectural shingles. Heritage Vintage. The protective nature of asphalt shingles primarily comes from the long-chain hydrocarbons impregnating the paper. Steel Shingles. Of all the different types of shingles, the premium designer category (which IKO calls its “Premium Collection”) most closely resembles the look of genuine wood shakes or natural slate tiles. In 1901 this material was first cut into strips for use as one-tab and multi-tab shingles. While architectural shingles are a subtype of asphalt shingles, the two types have different construction and typically offer different levels of durability. A 2007 survey of over 27,000 samples tested at 9 different facilities detected asbestos in less than 1.6% of samples. This creates the contoured, dimensional look that gives them their name. While 3-tab shingles typically need to be replaced after 15–18 years, Dimensional typically last 24–30 years. The name of the shingle often indicates it is … To ensure we feature the products available in your area, please select your country and state/province. ", "Early 20th-Century Building Materials: Siding and Roofing", "Weathering of rocks induced by lichen colonization — a review", "Environmental Issues Associated With Asphalt Shingle Recycling", "Recycled asphalt shingle modified asphalt mixture design and performance evaluation", "Laboratory designed hot mix asphalt mixtures with post-consumer Recycled Asphalt Shingles (RAS) utilizing AASHTO PP78", "Asphalt Pavement Industry Survey on Recycled Materials and Warm-Mix Asphalt Usage 2019 (Information Series 138) 10th Annual Survey", "Guidelines for the Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Shingles in Asphalt Pavements", Canadian Asphalt Manufacturers Association technical bulletins, Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association Residential/Steep Slope Technical Bulletins, National Roofing Contractors Association information on asphalt shingles, Abstract on ASTM E108 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings, UL Preamble to Guide TFWZ on Prepared Roof-covering Materials, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asphalt_shingle&oldid=996773564, Articles needing additional references from December 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. For full laminate architectural shingle installation instructions visit: https://malarkeyroofing.com/commercial-resources/commercial-installation-guide Find out from the experts at IKO what architectural roof shingles are and how they differ. [5] In 1897 slate granules were added to the surface to make the material more durable. TAMKO Blog. Because designer architectural laminated shingles are engineered to create the in-demand, high-end look of genuine wood shakes or natural slate tiles, they are an excellent choice for estate homes or other properties of distinction. They also guard against damaging water penetration from wind-driven rain, offering you enhanced protection against the elements and great weatherability. The finished product weighs … Asphalt shingles have varying qualities which help them survive wind, hail, or fire damage and discoloration. Some manufacturers’ lines of architectural laminated shingles are available in quite an array of colors; however, those lines that are designed to mimic the look of genuine wood shakes or natural slate tiles will necessarily be limited to the same color blends as those found in nature; e.g., earthy or reddish browns, light and dark variations of grey to black. Asphalt shingles have been a tradition for a long time, but they are by no means the most durable option on the market. Their weight and design give a three-dimensional appearance. MetalWorks AstonWood. $3.30. Architectural shingles start with a heavier mat base than a standard 3-tab shingle, typically fiberglass that has been coated with asphalt. There aren’t any official grades, but instead each have ratings for fire, wind and impact resistance. It is one of the most widely used roofing covers in North America because it has a relatively inexpensive up-front cost and is fairly simple to install.[1]. Accessories. Both laminated shingles and traditional 3-tab shingles provide effective protection against wind uplift and blow-off. In this article, we’ll answer some of your most common questions, such as: “What are architectural roofing shingles?”; “Are they the same as dimensional shingles?”; and, “Which architectural shingles provide the best look and value for my style of home?”. For example, some manufacturers like IKO produce a “Performance Collection” of laminated shingle that features a special reinforced nailing zone. Home Gallery Where Do I Begin? The roofing shingles in IKO’s Architectural Collection provide superior weather protection and boost curb appeal for homes throughout the United States and Canada as well as many export markets. Such shingles resist fire better than those with organic/paper mats, making them eligible for as high as a class "A" rating. Multiple layers are then overlapped and laminated together to create the distinctive texture. The term “laminated” means that the shingle’s construction consists of two or more basic shingles laminated or bonded together. Elite Glass-Seal. With low up-front costs and long-term payback, it’s an easy choice to make to choose asphalt. However, due to manufacturing variances, the limitations of your monitor resolution and the variation in natural exterior lighting, actual colors may vary from the images you see. Recognizable by their rectangular shape and offset layout, 3-tab roof shingles were the dominant roof shingle until architectural roof shingles were developed in the 1970s. Over time in the hot sun, the hydrocarbons soften and when rain falls the hydrocarbons are gradually washed out of the shingles and down onto the ground[citation needed]. Here are some tips on how to choose the right shingle color. If you live in an area where strong winds and hail are common, consider the performance category. Architectural shingles have minimum warranties of 30 years. They are the most affordable out of the three asphalt roof shingles. Special-purpose Asphalt Shingles. We are going to explain the pros and cons of each one to help you […] thepinnaclelist.com. [3] In 1960 fiberglass mat bases were introduced with limited success; the lighter, more flexible fiberglass shingles proved to be more susceptible to wind damage particularly at freezing temperatures. Roofing Accessories. Architectural shingles are also known as laminated or dimensional shingles. Some shingles have copper or other biocides added to the surface to help prevent algae growth. "Experiments...have noted that the greatest cause of asphalt shingle aging is thermal loading. [citation needed]. [20] The primary reason restrictions on the use of RAS exist is the rare presence of asbestos in asphalt shingles manufactured before the early 1980s. [20], The use of RAS in recycled asphalt mixes is entirely prohibited in 10 states, and the majority of states that allow the use of RAS restrict it to certain sectors and pavement types. Architectural shingles are roof shingles that are made of two or three pieces of tabs that are laminated together to give the shingle more dimensional, which is why they are sometimes called laminate or dimensional shingles. IKO Dynasty® with ArmourZone® in Biscayne Performance class laminated shingle creates a textured, basket-weave appearance. If you were to choose the best asphalt shingles you can get, there are also many potential problems you can encounter. For most of us, buying a home is the single biggest investment we’ll ever make so it’s important to protect that investment over time. Some manufacturers use a fabric backing known as a scrim on the back side of shingles to make them more impact resistant. Fiber cement shingles will last about 25 years, while cedar shake and architectural asphalt – which are thicker than most materials – will last 30 years. As a homeowner today, you have so many options and variables to consider, it can be very confusing and a bit overwhelming. This class may also include shingles which can be used to comply with California Title 24 cool roof requirements, such as IKO’s Cambridge Cool Colors, which were designed in accordance with environmental codes in effect in California to help reduce a home’s carbon footprint and potentially save on home energy costs. $4.00. Architectural shingles, however, have two asphalt shingles stripes laminated together. They’ll help your home blend into its natural surroundings or landscape, whether your home’s style is traditional, rustic, contemporary or urban chic. They use less material and are thinner than Architectural Shingles, and are therefore lighter and lower cost for both the material and the installation. Roofs with much longer lifespans are metal, which lasts between 40 and 80 years, tile and slate roofs which can last about 100 years. Until the 1980s, the most common type of asphalt roofing shingle was the traditional 3-tab which remains an economical choice among homeowners who appreciate its ease of installation and vast array of color blends. [15] [16], In 2019, an estimated 1.1 million tons of RAS were accepted by asphalt plants. Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association (ARMA) formed the High Wind Task Force in 1990 to continue research to improve shingle wind resistance. Did you know that the average cost to replace a roof is between $8,000 and $10,000? The higher, more expensive classes of architectural laminated shingles will most likely carry a Class 4 Impact Resistance Rating** which is for the sole purpose of enabling homeowners to obtain a discount on their home insurance premiums, if available in their area. Architectural shingles or multi thickness asphalt shingles are other terms for laminated asphalt shingles. Malarkey Highlander 4. Warping: One major disadvantage of organic shingles is that they absorb more water. [7] Also in the 1960s research into hail damage which was found to occur when hail reach a size larger than 1.5 inches. [21], Asphalt also naturally contains polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) which may leach out of RAS stockpiles or be emitted when RAS are heated. Organic shingles are made with a base mat of organic materials such as waste paper, cellulose, wood fiber, or other materials. Laminated shingles have wide randomly sized notches to look more like the inconsistencies of a cedar or shake roof. We invite you try out the IKO ROOFViewer® Interactive Roof Shingle Selector Tool to see how any of our shingles will look on your style of home and coordinate with other exterior elements. Most homeowners seeking to replace their current roof will find exactly what they’re looking for within the family of architectural laminated shingles. Widespread hurricane damage in Florida during the 1990s prompted the industry to adhere to a 1700-gram tear value on finished asphalt shingles[citation needed]. Architectural shingles are also called dimensional or laminate shingles. The commonly used “grades” of asphalt shingles are 3-tab (strip), dimensional (also called architectural, laminated or 3D) and luxury/designer shingles. Architectural asphalt shingles can be made to simulate the impressive, sought-after look of genuine cedar shakes or natural slate tiles without the installation, weight, maintenance, flammability worries (in the case of real wood) and expense associated with genuine wood and stone roofing materials. Standard asphalt shingles are suitable for most climates. The top surface granules block ultra-violet light, which causes the shingles to deteriorate, provides some physical protection of the asphalt core, and provides color – lighter shades preferred for their heat reflectivity in sunny climates, darker in cooler ones for their absorption. Please refer to our Legal Notices for U.S.A. or our Legal Notices for Canada. [17], There are two forms of RAS: post-manufacturer shingles that are reclaimed from factory waste, and post-consumer shingles that are reclaimed at the end of their service life (also referred to as “tear-offs”). An IKO sales rep or professional roofing contractor will be happy to help you. 3-Tab Roof Shingles. 3-Tab are still the most commonly installed in lower-value homes, such as those used as rental properties. We reached out to GAF to see if they were interested in participating in this study, but they did not respond. Available in a full range of colors and in Cool Colors for select markets, IKO Cambridge shingles … In the 1950s self-sealing and manually applied adhesives began to be used to help prevent wind damage to shingle roofs. Architectural shingles; Each of these kinds is made by adding asphalt to a fiberglass base sheet, and then embedding ceramic-coated mineral granules in the asphalt. Be aware that not all designer architectural laminated shingles carry a Class 4 Impact Resistance Rating as described above so, if this is an important factor for you, be sure to check the specs. Self-Adhering Underlayments. Damage from hail is not covered under the limited warranty. How Long do Architectural Shingles … Self-sealing strips are standard on the underside of shingles to provide resistance to lifting in high winds. IKO Dynasty® with ArmourZone® in Glacier Performance class laminated shingle mimics the look of natural slate tiles. Two types of base materials are used to make asphalt shingles, organic and fiberglass. 5000 - 9999 Square Meters. The recycling of RAS may lead to PAH emissions, however, there is no evidence to show that PAH emissions are lower when virgin asphalt is used in place of RAS. IKO strives to accurately reproduce the screen images of the shingle swatches and house photos shown. Asphalt shingles are the most commonly used type of shingle on homes in the U.S. and come in different styles, including architectural. Some shingles in this class consist of not two, but three layers laminated together for an exceptionally thick dimensional profile. In appearance, architectural shingles are less flat looking on a roof (hence “dimensional”) and come in a greater array of colors, sizes, and shapes. For this new year 2020, it’s the year to choose a roof that you can rely on for years to come to be strong and durable. Some manufacturers use angled cuts while others, like IKO, use a straight cut which enhances the perception of depth and the appearance of a shake or tile roof. By using this website you accept our use of cookies and the. [4] Algae and moss growth may be prevented through installation of zinc or copper strips or wire at the ridge and every four to six feet down the roof;black algae growth can be removed with a bleach solution.[4][14]. This layering creates a shingle that is better suited to hold up against the elements. Shingles tend to last longer where the weather stays consistent, either consistently warm, or consistently cool. BP Vanguard 2. These shingles have the same material as the tree tab roof shingle but instead of a single shingle layer, two layers are bonded together to create a 3 dimensional appearance. The most common type are 3-tab shingles. Additionally, roofing contractors consider architectural shingles to be a high-end luxury product due to the fact that architectural shingles have increased durability and are more aesthetically pleasing. Once the nail heads are exposed, water running down the roof can seep into the building around the nail shank, resulting in rotting of roof building materials and causing moisture damage to ceilings and paint inside. [15] Although the lifespan of a typical asphalt shingled roof is approximately 25 years,[18] concerns remain due to the practice of layering newly installed shingles on top of old ones.

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