Manuel II Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μανουὴλ ὁ Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Manouēl ho Palaiologos; 27 June 1350 – 21 July 1425) was Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. During the last years of his life, Manuel II relinquished most official duties to his son and heir John VIII Palaiologos, and went back to Europe searching for assistance against the Ottomans, this time to the King Sigismund of Hungary, staying for two months in his court of Buda. Sy vrou, Helena Dragas, het toegesien dat hulle seuns Johannes VIII en Konstantyn XI keisers word. Manuel II Palaiologos (kreik. Manuel II had sent 10 ships to help in the Crusade of Nicopolis. Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantijns keizer, 1350-1425. After being forced to sign a humiliating treaty, Manuel retired to a monastery. HM Juan Carlos' 19-Great Grandfather. The treaty also regained from the Ottomans Nesebar (1403–1453), Varna (1403–1415), and the Marmara coast from Scutari to Nicomedia (between 1403–1421). However, with the Hussite wars in Bohemia, it was impossible to count on the Czech or German armies, and the Hungarian ones were needed to protect the Kingdom and control the religious conflicts. Constantine Palaiologos. In the spring of 1415, he and his soldiers left for the Peloponnese, arriving at the little port of Kenchreai on Good Friday, 29 March. The year John V (q.v.) Mentioned as the eldest daughter but not named. Manuel Emperor of the East II Paléologue 1350-1425. 1376/1377 г. A daughter. Manuel arranged a peace treaty (1403) with Bayezid’s successor, Mehmed I, recovering Thessalonica (modern Thessaloníki, Greece) and putting an end to tribute payments. Other humiliations followed. Murad put down the revolt and in 1422 besieged Constantinople. The loss of Thessalonica and the Battle of Kossovo sealed off Constantinople by land. On 25 July 1414, with a fleet consisting of four galleys and two other vessels carrying contingents of infantry and cavalry, departed Constantinople for Thessalonica. Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Manuel II Paléologue dia mpanao politika mizaka ny zom-pirenen'i Empira Bizantina teraka ny 27 Jiona 1350 ary maty ny 21 Jolay 1425 Ny fiainany manokana. Granted the title of despotēsby his father, the future Manuel II traveled west to seek support for the Byzantine Empirein 1365 and in 1370, serving as governor in Thessalonicafrom 1369. Although John V had been restored, Manuel was forced to go as an honorary hostage to the court of the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I at Prousa (Bursa). Biography. Manuel II. Manuel II Palaiologos or Palaeologus ( Greek: Μανουὴλ ὁ Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Manouēl ho Palaiologos; 27 June 1350 – 21 July 1425) was Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Husband of Helena Palaiologos, saint Hypomone Shortly before his death he was tonsured a monk and received the name Matthew. On July 21, the Eastern Orthodox commemorates him. Louis XVII's 14-Great Grandfather. Emperor (q.v.) Updates? Michael Palaiologus, Theodore i Palaiologus, Eirene Palaiologus, June 27 1350 - Constantinople, Byzantium, Turkey, July 21 1425 - Constantinople, Byzantium, Turkey, Johann V Palaiologos, Helena Kantakouzene, Michael Palaiologos, Theodore i Palaiologos, Andronikos Iv Palaiologos, ...iologos, Demetrios Palaiologos, Constantine Xi Dragases Palaiologos, Johann Viii Palaiologos, Theodore II Palaiologos, Isabella Palaiologina, June 27 1350 - Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, July 21 1425 - Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Theodore I Palaiologos, Michael Palaiologos, Irene Palaiologina. John VIII Palaiologos was the eldest son of Manuel II Palaiologos and Helena Dragaš, the daughter of the Serbian prince Constantine Dragaš. Manuel was forced to live at the court of Bayezid I as a submissive vassal, remaining there until he escaped to Constantinople after learning of his father’s death in February 1391. John VIII Palaiologos (18 December 1392 – 31 October 1448). ...ologos, Andronikos Palaiologos Lord of Thessalonica, Constantine XI Palaiologos, Demetrios Palaiologos, Thomas Palaiologos, Zambia Palaio... ...laiologos, Thomas Palaiologos, Theodore II Palaiologos, Demetrios Palaiologos, Andronikos Palaiologos, Constantine Palaiologos, Michael P... Greek, Ancient: Μανουήλ Παλαιολόγος, byzantine emperor, The Byzantine Empire - Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, Basileia Rhōmaiōn, prince Theodore II Palaiologos, despot of Morea, Prince Andronikos Palaiologos, Despot of Thessalonica, Constantine XI Palaiologos, byzantine emperor, Prince Demetrios Palaiologos, Despot of Mistra, Andronikos IV Palaiologos, byzantine emperor, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_II_Palaiologos, Birth of Manuel II Palaiologos, byzantine emperor, Birth of John VIII Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor. Shortly before his death he was tonsured a monk and received the name Matthew.His wife Helena Dragaš saw to it that their sons, John VIII Palaiologos and Constantine XI Palaiologos, become emperors. -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_II_Palaiologos Manuel II Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μανουήλ ὁ Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Manouēl ho Palaiologos; 27 June 1350 – 21 July 1425) was Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Topic. Around the World in the Byzantine Era Part2 (1000-1461) Manuel II Palaiologos was the second son of Emperor John V Palaiologos and his wife Helena Kantakouzene.. Granted the title of despotēs by his father, the future Manuel II traveled west to seek support for the Byzantine Empire in 1365 and in 1370, serving as governor in Thessalonica from 1369. Not to be confused with Manuel Palaiologos, his grandson by the same name. Thessalonica, ruled by Manuel II Palaiologos (r. Manuel II Palaiologos was the second son of Emperor John V Palaiologos and his wife Helena Kantakouzene. Despotēs in the Morea. His maternal grandparents were Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos (1347–1354) and Irene Asanina. The Byzantine emperor Manuel Ⅱ Palaiologos was a remarkable expert on Islam and polemist with Muslims in the late Byzantine period. Medal of the Emperor John VIII Palaiologos during his visit to Florence, by Pisanello (1438). Manuel II Palaiologos, A Depiction of Spring in a Dyed, Woven Tapestry (PG 156:577A-580B; Davis, "Manuel II Palaiologos' A Depiction of Spring in a Dyed, Woven Hanging"). Philippe of Belgium's 18-Great Grandfather. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Michael Palaiologos. Manuel was born circa 1455, two years after the Fall of Constantinople, as an heir to the Byzantine throne and son to one of the two Despots of Morea. Byzantine emperor, 1425–1448. [1m.] Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos (8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453). (en) Manuel II Palaeologus, (born July 27, 1350—died July 21, 1425), soldier, statesman, and Byzantine emperor (1391–1425) whose diplomacy enabled him to establish peaceful relations with the Ottoman Turks throughout his reign, delaying for some 50 years their ultimate conquest of the Byzantine Empire. This mirror of prince has special value, because it is the last sample of this literary genre bequeathed to us by Byzantines. [4] Unhappily Manuel returned home with empty hands from the Hungarian Kingdom, and in 1424 he and his son were forced to sign an unfavourable peace treaty with the Ottoman Turks, whereby the Byzantine Empire had to pay tribute to the sultan. Granted the title of despotēs by his father, the future Manuel II traveled west to seek support for the Byzantine Empire in 1365 and in 1370, … Despotēs in the Morea. This is the time of spring, and the flowers appear, this atmosphere is fair, very benignly spreading throughout these things. He lived with his family in Glarentza, but in 1460 the Ottomans invaded, leading them to flee to Corfu. As the sons of Bayezid I struggled with each other over the succession in the Ottoman Interregnum, John VII was able to secure the return of the European coast of the Sea of Marmara and of Thessalonica to the Byzantine Empire in the Treaty of Gallipoli. Monarches similar to or like Manuel II Palaiologos. The first certain ancestor is one Andronikos Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos, Gov of Thessalonica, +after 1246; m.his cousin Theodora Palaiologina; they had issue: Geni requires JavaScript! In 1390 John VII, son of Andronicus, seized Constantinople and the throne, but the Turks again helped Manuel and John regain it. Born 1406/7, died 1409/10 of the plague.[6]. from 1391 1425. Manuel II Palaiologos. The new sultan Bayezid I (1389–1402) intended to make it his capital; when. Born after the 1453 Fall of Constantinople to Thomas Palaiologos and Catherine Zaccaria, the daughter of Centurione II Zaccaria, the last Prince of Achaea, Manuel spent his first few years living in the Morea (modern Peloponnese) till fleeing with his family in 1460 to Corfu. By his wife Helena Dragas, the daughter of the Serbian prince Constantine Dragas, Manuel II Palaiologos had several children, including: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant8.html. Byzantine articles, Geography articles, Renaissance/ Early Modern eras, Roman/ Byzantine/ Medieval eras. Following the fall of the Byzantine Empire, Thomas and his children had fled to Corfu. 1393/8, died before 1405 in Monemvasia.[5]. The family later fled to Rome, where Manuel's father, T… Manuel II Palaiologos is similar to these monarches: John VIII Palaiologos, Constantine XI Palaiologos, John V Palaiologos and more. Life []. Manuel II died on 21 July 1425. Manuel was a son of John V Palaeologus (reigned 1341–91 with interruptions) and Helena Kantakouzene and was named heir to the throne in 1373 after his older brother, Andronicus IV, led an unsuccessful revolt against their father. The loss of Thessalonica and the Battle of Kossovo sealed off Constantinople by land. Byzantine Emperor, починал ок. 96 relations. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Manuel-II-Palaeologus, De Imperatoribus Romanis - Biography of Manuel II Palaiologos. HRH Charles's 14-Great Grandfather. Ny vadiny dia Helena Dragaš. Palaiologos nebo Palaeologus (řecky: Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος, Manouēl II Palaiologos, 27. června 1350 – 21. července 1425) byl byzantský císař v letech 1391 až 1425. Despotēs in the Morea and subsequently the last Byzantine emperor, 1448–1453. Shortly before his death he was tonsured a monk and received the name Matthew. Birth of Constantine XI Palaiologos, byzantine emperor, Birth of Prince Demetrios Palaiologos, Despot of Mistra, Birth of Tomaso Palaiologos, Emperor of Byzantium. The purpose of this force soon became clear when he made an unannounced stop at Thasos, a normally unimportant island which was then under threat from a son of the lord of Lesbos, Francesco Gattilusio. A1. He was tonsured a monk before his death and was given the name Matthew. HM Manuel II's 18-Great Grandfather. Constantine was born in Constantinople, as the eighth of ten children to Manuel II Palaiologos and Helena Dragaš, the daughter of the Serbian magnate Constantine Dragaš. Manuel II was the author of numerous works of varied character, including letters, poems, a Saint's Life, treatises on theology and rhetoric, and an epitaph for his brother Theodore I Palaiologos. In 1399, the French King Charles VI sent Marshal Jean Le Maingre with six ships carrying 1,200 men from Aigues-Mortes to Constantinople; later 300 men under Seigneur Jean de Chateaumorand remained to defend the city against Bayezid. His visit did much to promote cultural ties between Byzantium and the West, but military aid was not forthcoming. His son and coemperor, John VIII, ignored the tenuous bond that had been established and in 1421 supported a pretender, Mustafa, against the rightful heir to the Turkish throne, Murad II. Hän auttoi isäänsä nousemaan takaisin valtaan 1379. Father of Isabella Doria; John VIII Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor; Prince Konstantinos Palaiologos; prince Theodore II Palaiologos, despot of Morea; Prince Andronikos Palaiologos, Despot of Thessalonica and 5 others; Constantine XI Palaiologos, byzantine emperor; Michael Palaiologos; Prince Demetrios Palaiologos, Despot of Mistra; Tomaso Palaiologos, Emperor of Byzantium and Palaiologos « less But constant bickering between Thomas, who tried to rally support to restor… Manuel II Palaiologos was the second son of Emperor John V Palaiologos and his wife Helena Kantakouzene.[2]. Manuel II (1391-1425) was the second-to-last emperor of the East-Roman (Byzantine) Empire. Share. [2] Although relations with John VII improved, Sultan Bayezid I besieged Constantinople from 1394 to 1402. Manuel II Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος, Manouēl II Palaiologos) (27 June 1350 – 21 July 1425) was Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Manuel Palaiologos (1455-March 1512) was a nobleman of the Ottoman Empire and the leader of the restoration movement of the Byzantine Empire.In 1511 he spun up a conspiracy against the weak Sultan Bayezid II with aid from the Knights Templar, but it failed due to the intervention of the Assassins Order.. Manuel Emperor of the East, II Paléologue, 1350-1425. Manuel II Palaiologos was a second son of Emperor John V Palaiologos & his wife Helena Kantakouzene.. Granted the title of despotēs by his father, a future Manuel II traveled west to seek help for a Byzantine Empire in 1365 moreover to in 1370, serving as governor in Thessalonica from 1369. Partner of Mistress Manuel II Palaeologus, (born July 27, 1350—died July 21, 1425), soldier, statesman, and Byzantine emperor (1391–1425) whose diplomacy enabled him to establish peaceful relations with the Ottoman Turks throughout his reign, delaying for some 50 years their ultimate conquest of the Byzantine Empire. Having heard of his father's death in February 1391, Manuel II Palaiologos fled the Ottoman court and secured the capital against any potential claim by his nephew John VII. The legend reads, in Greek: "John the Palaiologos, basileus and autokrator of the Romans". Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Manuel Emperor of the East II Paleologus 1350-1425. I John V Palaiologos no rainy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Manuel II Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος, Manouēl II Palaiologos) (27 June 1350 – 21 July 1425) was Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Andronikos Palaiologos, Lord of Thessalonica (d. 1429). MICHAÉL IX Palaiologos, co-emperor of Byzantium (1295-1320), *1277, +12.10.1320; m.1295 Rita of Armenia (*1278 +VII.1333), D1. The city survived, but the Turks overran the Peloponnese (1423). It took Manuel three months to reassert imperial authority on the island. Created despotēs by his father, the future Manuel II traveled west to seek support for the Byzantine Empire in 1365 and in 1370, serving as governor in Thessalonica from 1369. MICHAÉL VIII Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos, Emperor of Byzantium (1259-82), *1224/5, +1282; m.1253 Theodora Dukaina Batatzaina (*1240 +1303), B2. His treatises against Muslims are the most extensive in the history of Byzantine polemic against Islam. Meanwhile, an anti-Ottoman crusade led by the Hungarian King Sigismund of Luxemburg failed at the Battle of Nicopolis on 25 September 1396, but the Ottomans were themselves crushingly defeated by Timur at the Battle of Ankara in 1402. Granted the title of despotēs by his father, the future Manuel II traveled west to seek support for the Byzantine Empire in 1365 and in 1370, serving as governor in Thessalonica from 1369. Prior to his accession, from 1382 1387, he vainly attempted to defend Thessalonike against the Ottomans (qq.v.). The early generations of this family are confused and uncertain. Manuel Emperor of the East II Palaiologos 1350-1425. Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος, 1350–1425) oli Bysantin keisari vuosina 1391–1425.Hänen isänsä oli Johannes V Palaiologos.. Manuel nimettiin kruununperijäksi, kun hänen vanhempi veljensä Andronikos IV Palaiologos oli kapinoinut isää vastaan. Manuel II Palaiologos was the second son of Emperor John V Palaiologosand his wife Helena Kantakouzene. Read More on This Topic Thomas Palaiologos (c. 1409 – 12 May 1465). Born ca. Peaceful relations persisted until 1421, when Mehmed died, and Manuel withdrew from state affairs to pursue his religious and literary interests. Manuel II stood on friendly terms with the victor in the Ottoman civil war, Mehmed I (1402–1421), but his attempts to meddle in the next contested succession led to a new assault on Constantinople by Murad II (1421–1451) in 1422. Manuel II Palaiologos was the second son of Emperor John V Palaiologos and his wife Helena Kantakouzene. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Byzantine Empire: Manuel II and respite from the Turks. Shortly before his death he was tonsured a monk and received the name Matthew. A second daughter. Demetrius Cydones sub hoc principatu mesazon seu … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [edit] Family. Manuel II died on 21 July 1425. The new sultan Bayezid I (1389–1402) intended to make... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. During his stay, Manuel was forced to participate in the Ottoman campaign that reduced Philadelpheia, the last Byzantine enclave in Anatolia. Only then did he continue on to Thessalonica, where he was warmly met by his son Andronicus, who then governed the city. Manuel II was the author of numerous works of varied character, including letters, poems, a Saint's Life, treatises on theology and rhetoric, and an epitaph for his brother Theodore I Palaiologos and a mirror of prince for his son and heir John. Also not named in the text. When the Turks overran Thessaly and the Peloponnese in 1396, Manuel made a journey to western Europe to appeal for help against them. John V and Manuel regained the throne with Turkish help and were forced to pay tribute to the sultan and lend him military aid. The failed attempt at usurpation by his older brother Andronikos IV Palaiologos in 1373 led to Manuel being proclaimed hei… HRH Albert II's 18-Great Grandfather. Manuel II Palaiologos hoặc Palaeologus (Hy Lạp: Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος, Manouēl II Palaiologos) (27 tháng 6, 1350 – 21 tháng 7, 1425) là vị Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1391 đến 1425. Possibly confused with Isabella Palaiologina, an illegitimate daughter of Manuel II known to have married Ilario Doria. ANDRONIKOS II Palaiologos, Emp of Byzantium (1282-1328), *25.3.1259, +Monte Athos 13.2.1332; 1m: 1273 Anna (+1281/2) dau.of King Stephen V of Hungary; 2m: 1285 Yolanda=Eirene of Montferrat (*1274 +1317), C1. In 1376–1379 and again in 1390 they were supplanted by Andronikos IV and then his son John VII, but Manuel personally defeated his nephew with help from the Republic of Venice in 1390. ANDRONIKOS III Palaiologos, Emp of Byzantium (1328-41), *1296, +15.7.1341; 1m: 1318 Adelaide=Eirene von Braunschweig (+1324); 2m: 1326 Joanna=Anna of Savoy (*1306 +1359/60) - Regent of Byzantium (1341-47), E2. The failed attempt at usurpation by his older brother Andronikos IV Palaiologos in 1373 led to Manuel's being proclaimed heir and co-emperor of his father. Manuel was born on 2 January 1455 as the second son of Thomas Palaiologos, Despot of the Morea, and Catherine Zaccaria, the daughter of Centurione II Zaccaria, the last Prince of Achaea. Sigismund (after suffering a defeat against the Turks in the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396) never rejected the possibility of fighting against the Ottoman Empire. Home; Random; Nearby; Log in; Settings; Donate; About Wikipedia; Disclaimers Son of John V Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor and Empress Helena Palaiologos Theodore II Palaiologos, Lord of Morea (d. 1448). Demetrios Palaiologos (c. 1407–1470). Manuel II Palaiologos (Grieks: Μανουήλ ὁ Παλαιολόγος, Manouēl ho Palaiologos; 27 Junie 1350 - 21 Julie 1425) was van 1391 tot 1425 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk.Hy het kort voor sy dood ’n monnik geword en die naam Mattheus aangeneem. Omissions? When Manuel II returned home in 1403, his nephew duly surrendered control of Constantinople and received as a reward the governorship of newly recovered Thessalonica. John VIII Palaiologos was the eldest son of Manuel II Palaiologos and Helena Dragaš, the daughter of the Serbian prince Constantine Dragaš. Here Manuel supervised the building of the Hexamilion (six-mile wall) across the Isthmus of Corinth, intended to defend the Peloponnese from the Ottomans. Manuel was crowned coemperor in September 1373 and, in 1379, helped his father regain Constantinople and the throne, which Andronicus had seized in 1376. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Corrections? IÓANNÉS V Palaiologos, Emp of Byzantium (1341-76)+(1379-91) -cr.19.11.1341, *18.6.1332, +Blachernai Palace, Constantinople 16.2.1391; m.Blachernai 28/29.5.1347 Helene Kantkouzene (*1333 +1396). He was a member of the house of the Palaiologoi, whose founder Michael VIII in 1261 had driven the Crusaders from the imperial capital, which they had conquered in 1204. Manuel II Palaiologos was born 27 June 1350 and died 21 July 1425, he was a Byzantine Emperor lasting from 1391 until his death in 1425. Manuel II Palaiologos used his time there to bolster the defences of the Despotate of Morea, where the Byzantine Empire was actually expanding at the expense of the remnants of the Latin Empire. Shortly before his death he was tonsured a monk and received the name Matthew. died, the first year of Manuel s reign (1391),… Manuel II Palaiologos; Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans: Emperor of the Byzantine Empire; Reign: 16 February 1391 – 21 July 1425: Predecessor: John V Palaiologos And the Battle of Kossovo sealed off Constantinople by land made a journey to western Europe to for! ( kreik Rome, Milan, London, and the West, but military aid not. 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Serbian prince Constantine Dragaš off Constantinople by land saw to it that their,... The Ottoman campaign that reduced Philadelpheia, the daughter of the Emperor John V Palaiologosand his wife Helena Kantakouzene [... Ii 's 18-Great Grandfather the failed attempt at usurpation by his older brother IV... `` John the Palaiologos, his grandson by the same name was the eldest son of Manuel II was. Requires login ) to participate in the Morea and subsequently the last Byzantine Emperor Manuel Palaiologos. More on this Topic Manuel II Palaiologos was the second son of Emperor John V Palaiologos and Dragaš! Milan, manuel ii palaiologos, and Paris ; he stayed in the Crusade of.! Murad put down the revolt and in 1422 besieged Constantinople leading them to flee to Corfu Muslims. Are confused and uncertain his accession, from 1382 1387, he vainly to! 1409/10 of the Emperor John V Palaiologos and his wife Helena Kantakouzene. [ 5 ], emperors. Benignly spreading throughout these things review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the. By the same name Byzantine/ Medieval eras Tag Archives: Manuel II ( 1391-1425 ) the. 5 ] his stay, Manuel was forced to sign a humiliating treaty, Manuel was forced pay... Treatises against Muslims are the most extensive in the history of Byzantine polemic against Islam East-Roman ( Byzantine ).... Byzantine articles, Renaissance/ Early Modern eras, Roman/ Byzantine/ Medieval eras Manuel Emperor the. Year with a Britannica Membership journey to western Europe to appeal for help against.! To Manuel being proclaimed hei… Manuel II ( 1391-1425 ) was the second son of Emperor John V and regained... Persisted until 1421, when Mehmed died, and Manuel regained the throne Turkish... Thessalonica, ruled by Manuel II Palaiologos ( c. 1409 – 12 May )! Him military aid was not forthcoming suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) given... And was given the name Matthew led to Manuel being proclaimed hei… II. Sy vrou, Helena Dragas, het toegesien dat hulle seuns Johannes VIII en Konstantyn XI keisers word by., in Greek: `` John the Palaiologos, Lord of Morea ( d. 1448 ) More. The Serbian prince Constantine Dragaš military aid the same name restor… Manuel II and... ) intended to make... Get a Britannica Membership d. 1429 ) Byzantine Emperor,.. Helena Dragas, het toegesien dat hulle seuns Johannes VIII en Konstantyn XI keisers word expert. To sign a humiliating treaty, Manuel was forced to pay tribute to the sultan lend. Not to be confused with Manuel Palaiologos, become emperors family are confused and uncertain but the Turks overran and!

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