Albanian women and children are subject to sex trafficking and forced labor within the country, especially during tourist season. vietnam: returned victims of trafficking The end of communism has contributed to an increase in human trafficking, with the majority of … One NGO-run shelter provided specialized services for victims younger than the age of 18 and rented apartments for male victims, where they received assistance from NGOs. The government maintained victim protection efforts. The march organized by the Ministry of Internal Affairs gathered civil society, public institutions, citizens and the media in the city square. Of these, 28 were adults and 67 were minors (49 adults and 56 children in 2017), 60 were female and 35 male (80 female and 25 male in 2017), and one was foreign (nine foreign victims in 2017). Funding for NGO-run shelters steadily increased over the past four years; however, continued funding delays hindered shelter operations and the government decentralized funding mechanisms for all social programs to municipal governments starting in 2019. The government allocated 22.5 million leks ($210,180) to the government-run shelter, compared to 22.2 million leks ($207,380) in 2017. The government allocated 21.6 million leks ($201,770) to NGO-run shelters to support 29 staff salaries, compared to 20.2 million leks ($188,700) to support 29 staff salaries in 2017. Five victims cooperated with law enforcement in investigations and prosecutions (23 in 2017); however, the government did not consistently apply a victim-centered approach to investigations and prosecutions. Other victims are lured by job offers such as waitressing or dancing. 2019 Human Rights Report - Albania (PDF 241 KB) The Republic of Albania is a parliamentary democracy. NGOs reported improved cooperation with law enforcement and prosecutors. our database features 500 country-of-origin information reports which are available for free download. Albania is ancient, mountainous and rich in minerals and culture, but remains one of Europe’s poorest countries with a sophisticated mafia embroiled in drug, human and organ trafficking. A project implemented by UN women with EU funding titled “Preventing and addressing violence against women and girls in Albania” seeks to address this issue. • Create funding mechanisms that allocate adequate funding and resources on a consistent and regular basis to the government-run and NGO-run shelters for trafficking victims. Albanian people are particularly vulnerable to trafficking because of their country's past and its location. However, SCPO reported district prosecutors did not have the experience and capacity to prosecute adequately trafficking cases. The government did not take steps to reduce demand for commercial sex or forced labor. Mobile victim identification units identified 51 potential victims (26 in 2017). The government continued to investigate, prosecute, and convict fewer cases, leading to the lowest level of reported law enforcement actions in four years. EU Anti Trafficking Day March 2019 A march against trafficking of human beings and all exploitation was held today in Tirana on the International Day Against THB. The government provided free health care but access to education for child victims was inadequate. Human Rights Legislation in Albania: the case of human trafficking. ecoi.net is supported by ECRE & UNHCR. Authorities reported confusion between overlapping elements of exploitation of prostitution and trafficking and at times applied the lesser charge because it required less specialization and time, or due to the false belief that trafficking crimes required a transnational element. However, authorities are becoming more proactive in addressing the issue, according to the US State Department’s 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report, which noted an increased in funding for trafficking victims. Victims were comprised of 130 different nationalities, but Albanian victims made up one of the highest demographics with a total of 947. Migration, more broadly, in both Albania and Viet Nam was intrinsically linked to the transitions underway from centralized state-led economies to market economies. The government granted or renewed residency to seven foreign victims (six in 2017). NGO-run shelters allowed adult victims to leave the shelter voluntarily; the state-run shelter required victims to notify the shelter director of their whereabouts in order to assist in their protection. The government allocated 22.5 million leks ($210,180) to the government-run shelter, compared to 22.2 million leks ($207,380) in 2017. [13] Eighty percent of North Koreans who escape into China are women.Nine out of 10 of those women become victims of human trafficking, often for sex.If the women complain, they are deported back to North Korea, where they are thrown into gulags or are executed. access research. The International Journal of Human Rights: Vol. The government and NGOs identified 95 official and potential victims (105 in 2017). NGO-run shelters operated under financial constraints and relied on outside sources for operating costs. Foreign and Commonwealth Office written question – answered on 5th September 2019. The US State Department noted in its 2019 trafficking report that traffickers use false promises such as marriage and employment and instead traffic them across Europe. Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. (2019). The 2019 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report submitted to the US Congress two days ago focuses on the year 2018 and includes a section on Albania. NCATS and the government provided assistance to 78 official and potential victims (101 in 2017), including food, mental health counseling, legal assistance, medical care, educational services, employment services, assistance to victims’ children, financial support, long-term accommodation, social activities, vocational training, and post-reintegration follow-up. At any given time in 2016, an estimated 40.3 million people are in modern slavery, including 24.9 million in forced labour and 15.4 million in forced marriage. 7 … Local police improved implementation of child-specific procedures, including consistently involving social workers and psychologists when taking official statements from children. 12 October 2015 Albania: 44 Roma families desperately need adequate housing, not forced eviction Research Albania. Albania is a small country in which trafficking - trading in human beings - took hold in the years after the collapse of communism in 1990. Limited resources and constant turnover within law enforcement created additional obstacles in maintaining capacity to investigate trafficking. There are also instances of forced child labor in cannabis fields in Albania and some traffickers are likely involved in drug trafficking. NCATS and ONAC signed a memorandum of understanding, which set up the Advisory Board of Victims of Trafficking consisting of three survivors; the board met twice in 2019. Observers reported ONAC coordinated anti-trafficking efforts but faced internal and external challenges. The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. Companies with more women leaders perform better. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 (2019). Albanian children, mainly from the Romani and Balkan-Egyptian communities, are exploited regionally for seasonal work and forced begging. A place to pine and suffer, Human Trafficking: The case of Albania ‘Countries with more gender equality have better economic growth. The government also repatriated foreign victims, including one from Kosovo and one from North Macedonia. It stresses that “governments may find it easier to blame sex trafficking on those who come to their countries to engage in foreign sex tourism than to address local demand”. Articles 110(a) and 128(b) of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of eight to 15 years’ imprisonment for a trafficking offense involving an adult victim, and ten to 20 years’ imprisonment for an offense involving a child victim. SCPO possessed equipment that allowed testimony via video conferences, which was used in one case. 8, pp. Page 2 of 79 Preface MurposJ ... was a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery or not, unless information comes to light at a later date that would alter the finding on human trafficking or modern slavery. Labor inspectors did not have authority to inspect informal work activities, including unregistered businesses. ; It means there are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world. https://www.state.gov/reports/2019-trafficking-in-persons-report-2/albania/, Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD). Women who end up being trafficked are often seduced by men with promises of marriage and then forced into prostitution. ONAC also conducted informational meetings with representatives from the Romani and Balkan Egyptian communities. Women who end up being trafficked are often seduced by men with promises of marriage and then forced into prostitution. One NGO-run shelter provided specialized services for victims younger than the age of 18 and rented apartments for male victims, where they received assistance from NGOs. NGOs reported improved cooperation with law enforcement and prosecutors. Albania human rights abuses can end with your support. Loading... Unsubscribe from Ervin Toti? The government could not provide details about the type of exploitation for all official and potential victims but at least 36 were subjected to sex trafficking, 25 to forced labor, and 27 to forced begging. 23, No. These efforts included updating standard operating procedures (SOPs) for victim identification and referral, allocating funding for victim coordinators in every prosecution office starting in 2019, and institutionalizing training on trafficking within the Border and Migration Police (BMP). 1300-1316. The government continued to investigate, prosecute, and convict fewer cases, leading to the lowest level of reported law enforcement actions in four years. Twelve regional anti-trafficking committees comprising local officials and NGOs worked on prevention and victim assistance. Law enforcement rarely initiated cases when civil society identified a potential victim, but ASP noted definitional differences with civil society on what constituted trafficking caused obstacles in identification. The International Journal of Human Rights: Vol. BMP updated internal SOPs on identification and developed daily reporting requirements on trafficking victims; however, BMP could not consistently screen migrants due to increased migrant flows and a lack of BMP officers and interpreters. Albania is a major route. While Albania continues to struggle with human trafficking, authorities are becoming more proactive in addressing the issue, with the US State Department’s 2019 Trafficking in Persons Report noting additional funding for victim coordinators and the adoption of a 2018–20 action plan. Human Rights Legislation in Albania: the case of human trafficking. There has been a growing awareness of human trafficking as a human rights issue in Europe (see main article: Human trafficking in Albania). Children are commonly forced to beg or perform other types of compelled labor such as selling small items. Signed: 22 December 2005 Ratified : 6 February 2007 Entry into force : 1 February 2008. Albania: Trafficking of women for sexual exploitation SJrsion 9.0 JunJ 2020 . The government also doubled the budget for the Office of the National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator (ONAC) and adopted the 2018-2020 national action plan. Twelve regional anti-trafficking committees comprising local officials and NGOs worked on prevention and victim assistance. All Written Answers on 5 Sep 2019. ONAC, in cooperation with civil society, conducted awareness campaigns for students, teachers, and the general public. ONAC held four meetings with stakeholders involved in the NRM but, as in previous years, observers reported prosecutors rarely attended NRM meetings. • Increase efforts to screen vulnerable populations and train police, labor inspectors, and other front-line officials on proactive identification of victims. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. Similarly, the government provided free textbooks to children in “social economic difficulties,” which did not explicitly include trafficking victims, and some regional directorates of the Ministry of Education used that omission to exclude child victims from receiving free textbooks. NGOs report an increase in the number of Albanian children subjected to forced labor in Kosovo and the UK. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. The four shelters constituted the National Coalition of Anti-Trafficking Shelters (NCATS), and victims who required services not available in one shelter were referred to another shelter within the coalition. Gurten Building, 2 nd Floor, Tirana Tel: (+355 … Albania emerged from decades-long communist rule in 1991 as a struggling, impoverished country with little economic viability, high poverty and unemployment rates and a plethora of corrupt officials. existed in Albania since 2001, and a national action plan on trafficking in persons was adopted in 2005. Law enforcement did not consistently offer sufficient security and support, and victims and their families received threats during court proceedings. The government signed a memorandum of understanding with Bulgarian prosecutors and extradited three suspects, one each to Greece, Kosovo, and Hungary. NGOs report an increase in the number of Albanian children subjected to forced labor in Kosovo and the UK. Albania continues to struggle with human trafficking. Additionally, the government lacked proactive identification efforts and law enforcement, in particular, did not consistently participate in mobile victim identification units or consistently screen vulnerable populations. Albania allows an intrusive monitoring mechanism by ... Albania complies overall with international human rights instruments and developed its legal framework in line with European standards. The plan stresses prevention, protection, prosecution and cooperation. 23, No. ASP arrested 20 suspected sex traffickers on behalf of Italian and Greek authorities. Alert me about debates like this « Previous answer. As such, it is prohibited by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (Article 5.3), and defined by the TFEU as a particularly serious form of organised crime (Article 83), with links to immigration policy (Article 79). CRS' 2-year project, which started in September 2014, is built on collaboration and prioritizing counter-trafficking in Albania. Local Employment Offices collaborated with private businesses and NGOs to provide access to training and employment for trafficking victims. All convicted traffickers received prison sentences; one trafficker received two years and eight months for adult trafficking and four traffickers received sentences between six years and eight months to eighteen years for child trafficking. Become a member of EIN to access case law, country reports and bundles. The constitution vests legislative authority in the unicameral parliament (Assembly), which elects both the prime minister and the president. 1300-1316. However, the numbers are thought to be much higher. • Improve the sustainability of, and law enforcement participation in, mobile trafficking victim identification units. Globally, trafficking in human beings is a gendered phenomenon with women thought to be victims in more than 80% of trafficking cases. Home Office provides £2m to stem human trafficking in Albania Funding will help to protect victims of modern slavery, support vulnerable people and bring perpetrators to justice. Observers reported prosecutors rarely attended NRM meetings. Traffickers use false promises such as marriage or employment offers to force victims into sex trafficking. Country monitoring / Albania / Albania . Limited resources and constant turnover within law enforcement created additional obstacles in maintaining capacity to investigate trafficking. The government maintained a multi-disciplinary national referral mechanism (NRM) and updated SOPs for identifying and referring victims to services. Victims who testified against traffickers had access to the witness protection program; none participated in the program (one in 2017). Albania: Human Trafficking. The government also doubled the budget for the Office of the National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator (ONAC) and adopted the 2018-2020 national action plan. Law enforcement rarely initiated cases when civil society identified a potential victim, but ASP noted definitional differences with civil society on what constituted trafficking caused obstacles in identification. • Implement victim-centered approaches and victim-witness protection measures during court proceedings. • Improve the sustainability of, and law enforcement participation in, mobile trafficking victim identification units. The law provided repatriation assistance to Albanian citizen victims identified abroad; authorities assisted in the voluntary repatriation of three Albanian victims from Germany, Portugal, and the UK (four in 2017). In all three countries, the causes or drivers of human trafficking were found to be broad, multiple and overlapping. The government allocated 21.6 million leks ($201,770) to NGO-run shelters to support 29 staff salaries, compared to 20.2 million leks ($188,700) to support 29 staff salaries in 2017. Similarly, identification efforts for forced begging remained inadequate, particularly among unaccompanied children, street children, and children crossing borders for begging. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Albania remained on Tier 2. Irregular migrants from Asia are employed as domestic workers by wealthy families and vulnerable to domestic servitude. Experts reported police did not participate consistently in the mobile victim identification units despite signing a memorandum of understanding that formalized their participation. NGO-run shelters operated under financial constraints and relied on outside sources for operating costs. These efforts included updating standard operating procedures (SOPs) for victim identification and referral, allocating funding for victim coordinators in every prosecution office starting in 2019, and institutionalizing training on trafficking within the Border and Migration Police (BMP). 8, pp. Articles 110(a) and 128(b) of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of eight to 15 years’ imprisonment for a trafficking offense involving an adult victim, and ten to 20 years’ imprisonment for an offense involving a child victim. Amnesty International remains concerned that torture and ill-treatment of detainees are common in Albania. Author Admin Posted on October 23, 2019 October 23, 2019 Categories Albanian Story, Mary Ward Loreto Against Human Trafficking, Mary Ward Loreto Latest Happenings, NGO News Training: “Social Media and Human Trafficking” The government allocated 11.9 million leks ($111,160) to ONAC, compared to 5.7 million leks($53,250) in both 2016 and 2017. (2019). The government adopted the 2018-2020 national action plan and committed 488.9 million leks ($4.57 million) for its implementation. Caritas Albania’s main office is in Tirana and has a staff of approximately 20 people and over 100 volunteers. The Albanian State Police (ASP) investigated 38 trafficking cases with 51 suspects (69 cases with 80 suspects in 2017); nine of these suspects were investigated for child trafficking (22 in 2017) and 42 for adult trafficking (58 in 2017). ecoi.net is run by the Austrian Red Cross (department ACCORD) in cooperation with Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration. Experts reported police did not participate consistently in the mobile victim identification units despite signing a memorandum of understanding that formalized their participation. UNODC Programme Office in Albania UNODC is present in Albania at project level since 1998. Country monitoring / Albania / Albania . For those who befall it, exploitation can last anywhere from 16 days to 16 years and beyond. Albania’s path to EU membership continued to be hindered by slow progress in tackling corruption and organized … After Communism fell, economic hardship left many people desperate. Investigations into some complaints were started, but tended to be delayed and inconclusive. Albania Is Human Trafficking Source ... Our present funding campaign will run until the end of 2019. The government maintained a multi-disciplinary national referral mechanism (NRM) and updated SOPs for identifying and referring victims to services. The law provided equal services for both potential and officially recognized victims. The Government of Albania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government employees complicit in trafficking offenses; however, official complicity and corruption were significant concerns. Protection against human trafficking in Albania (TIP 2019) trafficking and exploitation. Unlike some previous years, the government did not knowingly penalize victims, but may have penalized some trafficking victims due to inadequate identification efforts. The primary objective is to work with Caritas Albania to build the capacity of Albania's government to fight human trafficking. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. Human trafficking. Similarly, identification efforts for forced begging remained inadequate, particularly among unaccompanied children, street children, and children crossing borders for begging. NGO-run shelters allowed adult victims to leave the shelter voluntarily; the state-run shelter required victims to notify the shelter director of their whereabouts in order to assist in their protection. Albania criminally prohibits sex and labor trafficking through its penal code, which prescribes penalties of 5 to 15 years' imprisonment. The government maintained victim protection efforts. Foreign victims had access to the same services as domestic victims and the law provided foreign victims a three-month reflection period with temporary residency status and authorization to work for up to two years. Albanian victims are subject to sex trafficking in countries across Europe, particularly Kosovo, Greece, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, North Macedonia, Norway, the Netherlands, and the UK. 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