case "scrollIntoView": Advertisement . var isJotForm = (e.origin.indexOf("jotform") > -1) ? The increase in strength and balance in older adults through the use of aquatic exercise allows individuals to keep up with their normal activities of daily living (ADLs) longer. If so, you may want to know how to start. Group aquatic exercise programs allow people with similar conditions or fitness desires to encourage and help each other. There seems to be a pervasive myth that senior adults aren’t ready for intensive exercise programs. Our Health Promotion Coordinators will work with you and your physician to design a customized senior fitness program and will also supervise, assist and motivate you to keep your goals. Here’s why: Exercise and therapy are far less painful in warm water than on land. Familiarity with the variety of water exercises presented here can help the injured athlete in many ways during rehabilitation. Use accessories like a noodle for extra fun. src + "&" + get : src + "?" Water levels may be adjusted to create the ideal environment for patients ranging from 90% to 10% de-weighting. To join our senior fitness program or to request more information, find a location near you today. Patients experience muscle relaxation and vessel vasodilatation, resulting in an increase of blood flow and earlier healing. Postural corrections can be accomplished with less effort and discomfort. Each participant exercised on a HydroWorx underwater treadmill two days a week for forty minutes performing both aerobic exercise and aquatic resistance training. Warm water also stimulates body awareness, balance, and trunk stability. var args = e.data.split(":"); if (iframe.clientHeight > window.innerHeight) { With water, you’re able to unload those joints yet continually strengthen because the water is always causing some type of resistance. The overall goal for seniors is to remain independent and enjoy their quality of life. When demonstrated by qualified instructors, they can be used as water therapy exercises to speed recuperation from surgeries, and to … Many osteoporosis patients avoid exercise because they fear injuring themselves. case "setHeight": else if (window.document.mozCancelFullScreen) window.document.mozCancelFullScreen(); Leg swings: This swimming exercise helps seniors strengthen their leg muscles. Instead of canceling appointments due to pain, patients are eager to attend [pool] sessions — even scheduling extra — because they experience pain relief during sessions. }, Request Your Free Copy of Conversations Magazine, Click Here to Learn About Our Response to COVID-19 and Visitor Restrictions. case "collapseErrorPage": script.src = src; document.body.appendChild(script); Did you know that knee pain can be the result of limitations at the ankle or hip? > -1 ? Do 10 to 15 reps with both legs. Said best by Gary Gray, founder of the Gray Institute: “The knee is caught in the middle with no where to run and no where to hide”. There is always some risk in participating in any physical activity, but exercises of the aquatic variety are hands down the safest for Seniors. The following methods will insure a solid calorie burn: At the core of concern for aging seniors is this trio — all of which can be improved during the underwater treadmill workout: Losing weight isn’t as easy for seniors as it is for their younger counterparts. } This balance exercise for seniors can be performed while seated. iframe.style.height = args[1] + "px"; We see a lot of patients who have pain and discomfort and it’s difficult for them to progress on land.”. With 77 million “Baby Boomers” currently, and many more to come, hydrotherapy will continue to be the sought-after medium for which to effectively and safely — among other things — unload the joints, reduce the risk of falls, and enlighten mental outlook. Kickboard resistance: This water exercise requires a small kickboard or boogie board to provide added resistance. }, var ifr = document.getElementById("JotFormIFrame-92474472476164"); Jackie Halbin, Living Well manager, CPT, and Certified FallProof™ instructor, utilizes a unique program to help seniors with balance and mobility, including center of gravity control training, gait pattern enhancement, strength and endurance building, and flexibility training. if (window.document.exitFullscreen) window.document.exitFullscreen(); Yet today’s arriving seniors don’t want to be slowed down by Mother Nature. An easy strategy is to employ many of your doctor-ordered exercises, adapted for the water (of course, ask your doctor about this first). When aquatic therapy is used for rehabilitation purposes the compliance with the program is much higher than with land-based therapy. If you’re looking for ways to get in better shape this summer, there’s one type of exercise that offers seniors’ a wide array of health benefits: swimming. The fact that aquatic exercise and therapy is enjoyable has the additional benefit of increasing compliance with rehabilitation programs. Hand rails can be used for protection and comfort, if needed. All I can say is that at 86 I just couldn’t believe that I could jog, and I have. case "setHeight": + 1); Participants also took a quality of life survey that measured changes in flexibility, the ability to perform daily activities, energy levels, and sleep patterns. Targeting specific muscle groups becomes easier using water’s natural buoyancy to support a patient walking forward, backwards, or sideways. This increased strength helped her knee replacements work better and has allowed her to avoid the hip replacement she once thought she needed. var get = window.location.href.substr(window.location.href.indexOf("?") For this … Get Your Aging Parents to Try the Best Water Exercises for Seniors The best water exercises provide many benefits for senior citizens. Water also offers natural resistance, which can help strengthen your muscles. } Drayer Physical Therapy, Mechanicsburg, PA Travis Baughman, Clinic Director and Physical Therapist. } if(isJotForm && "contentWindow" in iframe && "postMessage" in iframe.contentWindow) { switch (args[0]) { If you exercise in the water, follow these safety guidelines for aquatic exercisers: It’s become a cliché, but it’s still relevant: Consult a physician before beginning any exercise program, including water fitness activities. document.body.appendChild(script); src = args[1] + ':' + args[2]; Some aquatic exercises to help boost the confidence of osteoporosis patients include: When an underwater video camera is hooked up to a TV monitor, both client and physical therapist can capture changes of gait pattern or posture and correct them immediately. true : false; iframe.contentWindow.postMessage(JSON.stringify({"type":"urls","value":urls}), "*"); . Physical activity in [seniors] has been linked to playing a role in the prevention of some cancers as well as reduced risk to heart disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, obesity, type II diabetes, osteoarthritis and abnormal cholesterol. Wall chair: In a corner of the pool in chest-deep water, hold on to the edges of the pool, extending your legs while keeping your feet together. Leg Lifts. You’ll want to wade in until you’re about waist deep, then walk around the pool just like you would on land. Statistically, during a person’s mid-sixties, falling becomes a major concern. Warm water therapy, a type of aquatic therapy, is beneficial for medical conditions that affect joint or muscle integrity, such as arthritis, amputation, muscle spasms, chronic pain, post-polio syndrome, pregnancy, and post-mastectomy. When a person is in the water, there is less strain placed on his or her body, and the water buoyancy helps to support weight. case "reloadPage": } By maintaining ADLs, they may have an improved mental outlook as they keep their independence and stay active. iframe.style.height = window.innerHeight + "px"; Arm circles: Submerge yourself in the water until only your neck and head are out of the pool. In the United States, approximately 10,000 people per day turn 65. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. According to the CDC, there is no evidence that COVID-19 can be spread to humans through the use of pools, cold or hot tubs. ifr.src = src; > -1) { Health Benefits of Water Aerobics for Seniors Bethesda Health | July 28, 2017 Physical activity is good for the heart, lungs, muscles, and minds of older adults. This effect is due to the buoyancy and cooling effects of the water. Others are plagued with chronic conditions such as arthritis, hypertension, hearing and vision impairments, heart and lung disease, and orthopedic conditions. Request a Free Info Kit     View Our Products     Find a Pool Near You. of compressive force (the approximate weight of the head) is exerted on the spine, hips, and knees. else if (window.document.msExitFullscreen) window.document.msExitFullscreen(); window.attachEvent("onmessage", handleIFrameMessage); There are clearly many benefits that can be derived from participation in an aquatic exercise program for [seniors]. It is also the ideal exercise medium for aging adults by helping them maintain their good health at a comfortable, functional level. Falls are the leading cause of fatal injury in people over age 75 and are a serious concern, especially among retirement communities. Plenty of community pools, fitness centers or your local YMCA offer senior swimming sessions with water exercises designed specifically for older adults. All Rights Reserved (RR), 4 Strategies for Creating a Competitive Advantage for Your Clinic, 5 Reasons a Senior Community Needs a Therapy Pool, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Multiple Sclerosis, Aquatic Therapy for Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injuries, How Aquatic Therapy Can Help With Reconstructive Surgery, Overcoming Barriers of Getting Senior Patients in the Pool, Why Our Aging Population Should Use Aquatic Exercise, benefits of exercise without the risk of breaking a bone, Mastering walking with good posture in an aquatic environment, Walking mechanically correctly on an underwater treadmill at higher speeds, Stopping and starting in a water environment, Changing the gait pattern with speed and resistance. Learn How Aquatic Therapy Can Help Your Facility >>, Travis Baughman, Clinic Director and Physical Therapist at Drayer Physical Therapy in Mechanicsburg, PA, states, “Less stress on the joints is one of the main reasons we use water therapy for our senior patients. Resistance jets can be introduced to increase turbulence for people working to build balance. Participants should start from the bottom of the body, working upward and include: The intrinsic nature of water forces hydro-therapy participants to consider more fully their posture, gait and speed. script.type = 'text/javascript'; iframe.scrollIntoView(); They wish to keep working out despite any physical impediments they might face. It's often used to help people in rehab after a joint replacement. It is well-recognized that many physical and psychological conditions that commonly occur during aging can be prevented or delayed with regular physical activity. Aside from buoyancy, water offers hydrostatic pressure, which reduces joint inflammation, enhances circulation and improves joint position awareness. if(window.location.href && window.location.href.indexOf("?") Some of these exercises include: Water walking: This swimming pool exercise is a great way to get started with a water fitness routine. Water provides low-impact, low-weight bearing exercise that allows the synovial fluid to bring nutrients to the joint surfaces and minimizes the risk of injury or undue stress on the joints. Aquatic therapy offers this group relief and better outcomes through several of water’s intrinsic properties. Using the resistance of the water, leg lifts work all of the muscles in the legs. var get = window.location.href.substr(window.location.href.indexOf("?") Perhaps the easiest way is to … Findings from patient results documented by the Greater Philadelphia Physical Therapy Practice validate previous research studies for patients with osteoporosis. the patients enjoy going to therapy. Stand with your back to the side of the pool in waist-high water, placing your arms on the edge of the pool for stability. “. Each person’s health, personality, and cognitive abilities are different, so it will take some experimenting to find the amount and type of exercise that works well for your older adult. Standing in waist-deep water, hold on to the edge of the pool, then swing the outside leg as far forward as you can. Aquatic exercise is a low-impact activity that takes the pressure off your bones, joints and muscles. Aquatic Exercises for Seniors Aquatic exercise is effective for anyone wanting to build lean muscle mass, increase strength, or heal from injury. script.type = 'text/javascript'; . Water causes buoyancy and reduces the stress on your feet, knees, and hips. The viscosity of an aquatic environment is an excellent source of resistance for strengthening. You’ll need a cane or some kind of stick. A warm aquatic environment also reduces joint inflammation and improves circulation. In fact, the opposite is true, they want to go more than they are allowed to. These exercises also serve to condition and strengthen muscles to help avoid … when submerged. var script = document.createElement('script'); Whole-Person Well International Jan Montague, President. var args = e.data.split(":"); The aquatic environment also provides sensory feedback, opens the vessels and increases blood flow. Water exercises for seniors provide an ideal way to lose some extra weight while building lean muscle and increasing overall strength. Aquatic therapy reduces the impact on joints while still allowing seniors to be active. Getting Started. Just like swinging a golf club on dry land, this water exercise rotates your hips, core, and … we use the HydroWorx underwater treadmill as a means to get them exercising. They love what the water does for them.”. } else if (window.attachEvent) { Life Enriching Communities, Cincinnati, OH Jim Stallings, Resident. It reduces the foot-striking forces that so often “jar” muscles, ligaments, tendons and bones, lessening the burden on the body. Rectifies Body Posture And Treats Spine Problems. Standing in waist-deep water, hold on to the edge of the pool, then swing the outside leg as far forward as you can. 5. “We see a lot of people do extremely well with their general progression and their strengthening in the water,” acknowledged Bellido. Always consult your personal physician for specific medical advice. And the chance of falling rises proportionally with age, reaching 50% by age 80. In fact, they dislike it when they have graduated from therapy. Then, raise your arms out to the side, keeping them just below the surface and make circle-like motions. There isn't much better, is there? else if (window.document.mozCancelFullScreen) window.document.mozCancelFullScreen(); Leg swings: This swimming exercise helps seniors strengthen their leg muscles. else if (window.document.webkitExitFullscreen) window.document.webkitExitFullscreen(); They provide individuals with increased environments and individuals can be proactive and take responsibility for their health and wellness. By maintaining these important life skills, individuals tend to have an improved mental outlook as they remain independent and active. By just standing in the pool, you will be able to … Water aerobics classes can improve heart health, muscle strength, and joint mobility in a fun, supportive environment. I never dreamed of how much improvement I could make in such a short time.”. Moving quickly through water can provide natural resistance that builds muscle endurance and strength, reducing the risk of falls. case "reloadPage": It's good exercise for many people who have osteoarthritis, back pain, or fibromyalgia. This means a 150-pound person carries as little as 15 lbs. © 2021 American Senior Communities | All Rights Reserved | Non-Discrimination Policy | Privacy Policy | Notice of Privacy Practices | Vendors | Code of Conduct, var ifr = document.getElementById("JotFormIFrame-92473915919167"); Water aerobics allows for a greater range of motion, therefore, helping us with flexibility. } In one clinical trial conducted in Canada, researchers reported “significant improvements in balance and global change suggest that [aquatic exercise] is a viable alternative for older women with [osteoporosis] who have difficulty exercising on land.”. This gives them psychological benefits, as they feel more “in control” of their daily lives. The versatility of the programs keeps clients coming back; in fact, we’ve had zero ‘no shows.’, Lakeview Village Assisted Living and Community Wellness Center Jackie Halbin, Living Well Manager. iframe.style.height = window.innerHeight + "px"; . break; Drayer Physical Therapy, Mechanicsburg, PA, Travis Baughman, Clinic Director and Physical Therapist, Lakeview Village Assisted Living and Community Wellness Center, Four State Physical Therapy & Aquatic Rehabilitation & Premier Surgical Institute, Galena, Kansas, Life Enriching Communities, Cincinnati, OH, Copyright © 2021. During exercise on the underwater treadmill, the weight of a human body is reduced up to 90 percent, depending upon the depth of the water. As fitness professionals, we need to focus our attention on creating wonderful opportunities of lifetime fitness, for our students of all ages, and provide a broad overview of health to a population with diverse interests and backgrounds.”, Jackie Halbin adds, “By utilizing aquatic exercise, seniors become more active, healthy and independent, thus increasing their lengths of stay within assisted and independent types of living.”. if (typeof e.data === 'object') { return; } break; var urls = {"docurl":encodeURIComponent(document.URL),"referrer":encodeURIComponent(document.referrer)}; So they become functional faster and they enjoy [rehab] so much more with aquatic therapy.”. if (window.addEventListener) { Types of Aquatic Exercise for Seniors with Dementia. The author does not in any way guarantee or warrant the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any message and will not be held responsible for the content of any message. These are specially designed exercises that allow seniors to progress at their own pace. Many aging adults deal with arthritis and other conditions that affect the joints. if(isJotForm && "contentWindow" in iframe && "postMessage" in iframe.contentWindow) { America’s population will continue to age in record number. Many facilities have created additional revenue streams by offering the pool to the public, creating new programs and charging a monthly membership fee. window.handleIFrameMessage = function(e) { “You can’t believe how happy I am that I was able to find some means of helping get my strength back,” says Virginia, who suffers from MS and Parkinson’s disease. To strengthen your leg muscles, tie a water noodle into a knot around your foot or water shoe. However, it can be hard on well-worn joints and bones, as well as a hazard for seniors who may be less flexible and prone to falls. Use your core muscles to pull your knees up to your chest for about 10 to 15 reps. For an added benefit, twist your legs to both sides when lifting them to work your oblique muscles. Water-based exercise improves or maintains the bone health of post-menopausal women. The healing powers of warm water environments can enhance one’s multiple dimensions of well-being. Exercising in Water Exercising in water eliminates much of the joint and muscle pain many seniors feel when they exercise. One of the most important factors that makes swimming and water aerobics superior to other types of exercise is their extremely low rate of injury. A body suspended or floating in water essentially counterbalances the downward effects of gravity with the upward force of buoyancy. if (args.length > 3) { case "loadScript": window.attachEvent("onmessage", handleIFrameMessage); case "scrollIntoView": In a study conducted at the University of Wisconsin, Department of Kinesiology, fourteen adults with previous histories of physical ailments participated in a five-week study. Walking in water burns up to 3.5 times a similar activity on land. break; case "exitFullscreen": This takes the weight off the immersed joints progressively, and with neck immersion, only about 15 lbs. Some of this population are active and in good health. Four State Physical Therapy & Aquatic Rehabilitation & Premier Surgical Institute, Galena, Kansas Kurt Stork, Director of Rehabilitation. break; Hold the kickboard on each end in waist deep water, then extend one arm to the side, keeping your elbow close. } var isJotForm = (e.origin.indexOf("jotform") > -1) ? if (!iframe) { return; } var src = ifr.src; if (!iframe) { return; } It also helps them control their weight. case "loadScript": break; Depression is related to low levels of neurotransmitters which are naturally produced through exercise. An estimated 10 million individuals currently suffer from osteoporosis, with another 34 million at risk. Aquatic Exercises for Seniors At most area aquatic centers, you will find a group of seniors walking, talking and swimming their way to fitness. It is also the ideal exercise medium for aging adults by helping them maintain their good health at a comfortable, functional level. + get; var urls = {"docurl":encodeURIComponent(document.URL),"referrer":encodeURIComponent(document.referrer)}; Our older patients can do exercises in the water that they cannot come close to doing on the land. break; break; Furthermore, physically active people recover from mild depression more quickly, and physical activity is strongly correlated with good mental heath as people age. A broomstick works well for this – just remove the broom’s head before you start. src = src.indexOf("?") 1998: 29-30. How much exercise is recommended? Many people over 62 are very fit; however, they may have had an incident, which caused an imbalance, or weakness over time which has lead to balance/fall issues. The water also reduces the impact that movements have on bones and joints. Because of this, participants can work out “harder,” thus more rapidly improving needed skills. Swing your arms, keep your back straight and avoid walking on your tiptoes. By using aquatic therapy to increase strength and balance, older adults are able to keep up with their normal activities of daily living (ADLs) longer. , ligaments and tendons be adjusted to create the ideal exercise medium for social interaction diagnose,,. May have an improved mental outlook as they keep their independence and stay.... Be dependent for long-term care and muscle pain many seniors feel when they exercise chance of injury or.. States, approximately 10,000 people per day turn 65 after a joint replacement water ’ s intrinsic.... Hydroworx underwater treadmill as a means to improve her hip osteoarthritis a group is motivating and give. The balance challenges stress, and with neck immersion, only about 15 lbs [ ]! Does just that HydroWorx underwater treadmill as a means to improve her hip osteoarthritis Try the Best water exercises specifically. Life, but they will aid in increasing the years of feeling good provide many benefits for senior.! Has a depth of about 51 inches for increased buoyancy, reducing the risk of breaking a bone per... More than they are allowed to leading cause of fatal injury in people over age 75 and a! Medical center Darin Jurgensmeier, Orthopedic Resident, Clinic Director and physical Therapist to strengthen your leg.. They want to know how to start source of resistance for strengthening precautions to take reduce. Of motion, therefore, helping us with flexibility: src + `` ''. Overall strength immersion, only about 15 lbs can easily become isolated for anyone wanting to build lean and. 75 and are most effectively performed in water exercising in water record number with aquatic therapy. ” do in... Pushes '' on the palm of your body, then swing the leg behind you be pervasive... Million at risk, leg Lifts walking forward, backwards, or fibromyalgia as as! Offers natural resistance, do your knee extensions, slowly raising one leg at a time, straightening out knee. Injury or drowning such a short time. ” pressure off your bones, and! Cardiovascular endurance, strength, and with neck immersion, only about 15 lbs increasing compliance the... “ harder, ” thus more rapidly improving needed skills exercise without the risk of breaking a.... She began with water exercises for seniors the Best water exercises designed for... Also provide an additional medium for aging adults by helping them maintain or improve their health know... Therapy are far less painful in warm water also reduces joint inflammation, circulation... An ideal way to exercise and training integrating mental, physical and psychological conditions that many. Is used for protection and comfort, if needed group setting is.... Of post-menopausal women Livestrong.com leg Lifts work all of the water helps to reduce pressure. Mental, physical therapists are challenged to provide suitable fun and fitness for! Exercise because they fear injuring themselves and better outcomes through several of water aerobics exercises | Livestrong.com leg.! Institute, Galena, Kansas Kurt Stork, Director of rehabilitation. joints while still allowing seniors help... Mental outlook as they keep their independence and stay active turn 65, helping us with flexibility class the... People working to build balance, strength, water exercise therapy for seniors sideways 30 minutes, one to times... Circles: Submerge yourself in the United States, half of whom are older than 75 to balanced... Lean muscle mass, increase strength, and it feels better for the patient are less. Are active and in good health at a comfortable, functional level and awkward prevented or delayed with regular activity! About 15 lbs as little as 15 lbs and reduces the stress on.., treat, cure or prevent any disease with the reality of comorbid medical conditions that preclude many forms! Flat on the palm of your body, then swing the leg you. For 30 minutes, one to two times per week aerobics allows for a greater range of motion therefore. Each end in waist deep water, you ’ ll need a cane or some kind of stick joint.... Is easier to work on balance in the swimming pool is a great low-impact way to exercise joints! Vessel vasodilatation, resulting in an aquatic exercise is effective for anyone to! As caregiver to spouse & mdash can easily become isolated improves circulation, subjects expressed feeling better physically! Wall and keep one foot out in front of the other this increased strength helped her knee work..., cure or prevent any disease of this population are active and good. Categories or classifications, physical and spiritual energy the viscosity of an aquatic environment also reduces joint inflammation improves... Knees, and hips and increasing overall strength another 34 million at risk age, reaching 50 % by 80... Accomplish on dry land provide many benefits for senior citizens findings from patient documented! Info Kit View our Products find a pool near you to diagnose,,. Nearly pain-free workout your foot or water shoe seems to be dependent for care... Another 34 million at risk strengthening in the legs, tie a water noodle into a around! Palm of your hand to two times per week seniors & mdash easily. Come close to doing on the land arriving seniors don ’ t ready intensive! Becomes easier using water ’ s intrinsic properties be dependent for long-term care coupled with the program is higher! To overall balance and are a serious concern, especially among retirement Communities serious,. Rehabilitation purposes the compliance with the upward force of buoyancy down by Mother Nature many different kinds of exercise... Gentle way to lose some extra weight while building lean muscle and increasing overall strength burns to! For their health `` water exercises designed specifically for older adults find they can exercises. Is just one of the water, leg Lifts exercise will not necessarily prolong,! Palm of your hand endurance, strength, or heal from injury circle-like motions from,! In increasing the balance challenges anyone wanting to build lean muscle mass, increase strength, and stability... Hydrostatic pressure, which reduces joint inflammation and improves circulation most effectively performed in water is a review. That caused too much joint stress on land significantly with the variety water! Called the perfect exercise for seniors the Best water exercises for seniors with dementia accomplished with less effort discomfort. Of increasing compliance with rehabilitation programs rapidly during the healing process compressive force ( the weight! At the YMCA or senior center breathing and active progressive resistance training while integrating mental physical. Challenged to provide added resistance, joints and it has space to exercise the joints control of..., reduced stress, and with neck immersion, only about 15 lbs an aerobic workout days a week forty. For as long as possible provide added resistance, it helps us build greater tone... For people working to build balance earlier healing a pervasive myth that adults... A great low-impact way to achieve the benefits of exercise without the risk of falls senior. Swimming sessions with water, ” thus more rapidly improving needed skills and discomfort and it better... Years of feeling good with a group setting is vital ll need a cane or some kind of.! By Mother Nature a broomstick works well for this – just remove the broom ’ s extremely comfortable enjoy! That fact is often called the perfect exercise for seniors at all ability levels of buoyancy muscles tie! Own pace previous Next 6 of 6 leg exercise using a noodle kind of stick work on balance the... Multiple water exercise therapy for seniors of well-being United States, approximately 10,000 people per day turn 65 sensory feedback, opens the and... Of buoyancy from therapy for five seconds water exercise therapy for seniors then extend one arm to the side, them., which reduces joint inflammation, enhances circulation and improves joint position awareness becomes! Or sideways are active and in good health at a comfortable, functional level and psychologically during the exercise.... Ideal exercise medium for social interaction seniors & mdash can easily become isolated corrections can be done in water up! It is easier to work on balance in the United States, approximately 10,000 people per day 65! Build balance [ seniors ] caregiver to spouse & mdash particularly those widowed or serving as caregiver to &... Boogie board to provide suitable fun and fitness opportunities for seniors aquatic exercise will not necessarily prolong life but.

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